PANDA: Psychological And Neurodevelopmental assessment of Neonatal Encephalopathy – TCD


  • Professor Elizabeth Nixon, School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin.
  • Professor Jean Quigley, School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin.
  • Professor Eleanor Molloy, Chair of Paediatrics & Child Health, Trinity College Dublin.


The aim of this project is to characterise the developmental and psychological outcomes of infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. Neonatal brain injury is a common cause of mortality and disability. Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) is one of the commonest causes of neonatal brain injury in full term infants. For every baby that dies from NE, another will survive with significant lifelong disability.   Ireland is at the forefront of research in the field of neonatal brain injury and a recent HRB funded study by researchers in this consortium has shown that even infants with mild encephalopathy can have cognitive impairments at 5 years of age.

This project will focus on the neurodevelopmental, cognitive, linguistic and socio-emotional follow-up of NE infants, using standardised developmental assessments.  A further focus of the study will be on parent-infant interactions as predictive of a host of developmental outcomes, including self-regulation, linguistic and cognitive competencies and executive functioning. The influence of neurobiological risk, such as that which may arise from NE, may disrupt parent-infant interaction and influence the course of development, as has been shown in the context of prematurity. To date, no research has considered the nature of parent-infant interactions in the context of NE.

NEPTuNE Scholar: Chelo Del Rosario

Chelo Del Rosario



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